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Caregiver Strategy 2013



Family caregivers are individuals (family members, neighbours, friends and other significant people) who take on a caring role to support someone with a diminishing physical ability, a debilitating cognitive condition or a chronic life-limiting illness.  


  • What types of caregivers provide the most hours and kinds of care? 
  • Which ones are the most likely to experience various consequences associated with family caregiving? 

Check out the facts below:



For more information download the Stats Canada 2013 Report: Family Caregiving: What are the consequences?



8.1 Million
Caregivers

 

 

There are at least 8.1 million Canadians, or 28% of Canadians, providing care to a family member or friend with a long term health condition, disability, or aging needs

Statistics Canada. 2013. Portrait of caregivers, 2012. Catalogue no. 89-652 X- No.001. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division

 

 

Contribute $25-26 billion in unpaid labour to our health care system

 

Research consistently estimates between 70 and 80 percent of the care given in the community to older adults is provided by family and friends. The imputed economic cost to replace family caregivers age 45 years and older, who provide care to those 65 years or older with a long-term health condition, with paid workers at market rates is estimated to be $25 billion.

Health Council of Canada. (2012). Seniors in need, caregivers in distress: what are the home care priorities for seniors in Canada? Toronto, ON: Health Council of Canada

Hollander, J. M., Liu, G., & Chappell, N. (2009). Who cares and how much. Healthcare Quarterly, 12(2), 42-49


 

Majority are women, between 45 to 64

 

 

Women represent the slight majority of caregivers in Canada (54%). They were also more likely to spend more time per week on caregiving activities than did male caregivers.

Statistics Canada. 2013. Portrait of caregivers, 2012. Catalogue no. 89-652 X- No.001. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division



1 in 4 caregivers are in a sandwich generation


Caregivers have multiple responsibilities beyond caring for their chronically ill, disabled or aging family member or friend. Over one quarter of caregivers are sandwiched between child rearing, caregiving, and paid work. 50% of family caregivers are also between the ages of 45-65 – their peak earning years.

Statistics Canada. 2013. Portrait of caregivers, 2012. Catalogue no. 89-652 X- No.001. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division

 

 

Spend collectively $12.6 million / year on caregiving expenses

 

 

 

The financial impacts related to caring for loved one can be significant. Over 1.2 million Canadians aged 45 years and older, reported extra expenses due to their caregiving responsibilities Collectively, Canadian caregivers aged 45 and older spent approximately $1,049,600 per month on care-related out of pocket expenditures in 2006, or almost $12.6 million.

Caregivers who incur out-of-pocket expenses are much more likely to experience an array of negative, emotional, social, health, and career outcomes than those who do not incur care-related expenses.

Fast, J., Keating, N., Lero, D., Eales, J., & Duncan, K. 2013. The economic costs of care to family/friend caregivers: A synthesis of findings. UAlberta: RAPP.


 

6.1 Million employed caregivers 

 

6.1 million employed Canadians, or 35% of Canada’s workforce,  are family caregivers. All employers can expect to have employees who will assume caregiving responsibilities which will have an impact on the employment relationship.  

In 2012, 1.6 million caregivers took leave from work; nearly 600,000 reduced their work hours; 160,000 turned down paid employment; and 390,000 had quit their jobs to provide care. This is equivalent to $1.3 billion in lost productivity per year.

Statistics Canada. (2013). Portrait of caregivers, 2012. Catalogue no. 89-652 X- No.001. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division.

RAPP. (2011). Employment consequences of family/friend caregiving in Canada. Retrieved at http://www.rapp.ualberta.ca/Publications/~/media/E1E0F4EFD4F849B79D278FAB1AE5F7C8.pdf.